Ashworth Significant Contributions of Chinese Under Tang and Song Eras Discussion
Threaded Discussion Instructions
Review the threaded discussion question posted by the course faculty. You are required to submit at least two (2) responses to this question by 11:59pm EST on Sunday. The first response should be to the faculty; the second response can be directed either to the faculty or to other students in the class. Your responses should be substantive, and reflect analytical and critical thinking skills, as well as, a thorough understanding of your reading assignment. A typical response should consist of 100-150 words in a single-spaced format. Refer to the TDQ Rubric below for more guidance on how to respond.
Explain the impact of Islam on Spain and North Africa. Discuss main hallmarks of Chinese society in the Tang and Song eras. Describe China’s interaction with the outside world. Explain why nomadic invasions were so successful.
In week 6 discussion board forum please pick one of the topics on which to comment. Analyze the major contributions of the Chinese under the Tang and Song eras, Support your conclusions with examples. Or discuss the impact of Chinese interaction with the outside world, Evaluate the impact of China on the outside world. Or. Distinguish why the nomadic invasions in Europe and/or Asia were so successful and evaluate their impact on the existing societies in which they came into contact.
In whichever topic you pick be able to defend your conclusions.
To the east of the Germanic Kingdoms, which resulted from the invasions of the Roman Empire, empire-building was also taking place under the name of Christianity. Your reading (chapter 13) described how the previously-named Eastern Roman Empire became known as the Byzantine Empire. The major task for leaders of the remnants of the eastern portion of the Roman domains was to merge Christianity with Islamic influences, brought by Muslim soldiers, merchants, and settlers who were appearing as they expanded out of the Arabian Peninsula. This they were able to do, as the Byzantines modified their own brand of Christianity–known today as the Eastern or Greek Orthodox Church–and established political and military independence from Rome.
Another important part of this separation from Rome was the rise of Byzantium as the commercial link between the Western Holy Roman Empire (the Germanic Kingdoms) and and South and East Asia. Constantinople, located where the Black Sea and the Mediterranean Sea meet, and the Greek Islands, was where western Christians (Rome) and eastern Christians (Byzantium) fused their concept of globalization. The Byzantine Empire faced east toward China and the rest of Asia, while Rome faced west, and ultimately took part in the European invasion of West Africa and the Americas.
While the Western Roman Empire was struggling to deal with the several invasions of foreign “barbarians,” the Eastern Byzantine Empire was consolidating it self in the eastern parts of the old Roman Empire: the Greek islands and mainland, Armenia, Syria, Egypt, and parts of North Africa. Similar to the eastern part of the old Roman Empire it replaced, the Byzantine Empire suffered decline. The 14th Century was filled with crises that affected both and Byzantine and Roman Empires. The Black Death arrived from Asia and decimated much of the population. This resulted in economic dislocation and social upheaval, leading to political instability as the authority of the Catholic Pope and Holy Roman Emperor declined.
The major challenge of leaders of the Byzantine Empire was–as real estate agents put it–location, location, location. They were located between the two most expansive of the major global religions: Christianity and Islam. This resulted is several invasions from both east and west, capped off by the invasion of the Black Death. Keep this in mind as you respond to the following questions.
Your textbook suggests that Byzantium was “a new kind of empire.” They mean that the Byzantines had to deal with several important, critical issues, which you will address in your response: How did they respond to the Muslim invasion of their territories? What is “iconoclasm” and how did it pose a problem to Byzantine leaders? What impact did the Crusades have on the stability and unity of the Byzantine Empire? Finally, what was the “Black Death” and how did it impact the Eastern Byzantine Empire? Be sure to include several examples, to support your general statements, as you write.