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BIO 100 Maricopa Community Colleges Rio Salado Biology Lab Questions


Laboratory Exercise Questions

~~1. Identify the shape and Gram reaction of the following bacterium. (4 points)

Individual cells are spherical and purple.

What are the shape and Gram reaction of these bacteria?

undefinedundefinedScience Image Library

~~2. Identify examples of pathogenic members of kingdom Eubacteria from Lab 11. Name three bacteria (using scientific names) and the diseases they cause in humans. (6 points)

a. Name and disease:

b. Name and disease:

c. Name and disease:

~~3. Are members of the kingdom Eubacteria single-celled or multicellular? Are the Eubacteria prokaryotes or eukaryotes? (4 points)

~~4. State two ways that humans purposefully use bacteria. (4 points)



~~5. Identify examples of pathogenic members of kingdom Protista from Lab 11. Name three protists (scientific names) and the diseases they cause in humans. (6 points)

a. Name and disease:

b. Name and disease:

c. Name and disease:

~~6. Do all members of the kingdom Protista possess flagella? Justify your answer using information from Lab 11. (4 points)

~~7. Were the diatoms observed under the virtual microscope alive or dead? Explain your answer. (2 points)

~~8. State three industrial uses of Fungi covered in Lab 11. (6 points)




~~9. Fungi:

a. What are the haploid reproductive structures of Fungi called? (1 point)

b. What is the name of the indicated reproductive structure in the image below? (2 points)

c. Per Lab 11, name an example of a fungal species that uses this reproductive structure indicated in the image below. (2 points)

Arrows indicate individual spheres located within a sac structure at the end of an arial hyphae. by CDC/Dr. Lucille K. George
License: Public Domain

~~10. Identify whether each the following is characteristic of a monocot or a dicot. (6 points)

a. Having one cotyledon:

b. Vascular bundles scattered throughout the stem:

c. Pinnate venation:

d. 3 lobed flowers:

e. Having two cotyledons:

f. Palmate venation:

~~11. View the image below of primary growth of a root. Identify each structure indicated below with a letter. (6 points)







A: Located in the area of maturation, root produces these extensions of the outer cells which are essential for increasing the surface area to volume ratio of the plant root, B: Interior of the root immediately inside epidermis, C: Zone above the area of elongation, D: Zone above area of cell division, E: Zone at lowest tip of root, F: Located in zone of cell division, the protective cap over the apical meristem of the root.

Label the root parts, A, B, C, D, E, F.

Creative Commons BY LogoundefinedundefinedOpenStaxundefinedCC BY 4.0undefined

~~12. What did the celery look like on each of the following days? (6 points)

a. Day 1:

b. Day 2:

c. Day 3:

~~13. Celery leaf structure:

a. Given the venation, is celery a monocot or a dicot? (2 point)

c. b. Which specific structures are responsible for transporting the dyed fluid up the stem and into the leaves of the celery? (2 points)

~~14. What is the name for the type of plants that use flowers as their reproductive structure? (2 points)

~~15. Using the image below, identify each structure of the flower as indicated. (5 points)











A: the long male parts around the center of the flower.  B: long extended part of the male structure. C: a pad-like structure that is attached to the end of filament of the stamen, which contain the pollen gametes.  D: the broad leaf-like parts on the outer part of the flower.  E: sticky part on top of the female structure which receives the pollen.  F: Long extended part of the female structure. G: Base of the female structure, which contains the ovules H: Female structure in the center of the flower which houses the ovaries which contains the female ovule gametes.  I: female gamete within female structure J: the small green petals that cover the flower as a bud and serve as a base support for the open flower.

Label the flower structures A through J.

~~16. Identify the venation of the plant leaf seen below. Is this leaf simple or compound? (2 points)

There is one main vein from the petiole to the tip, with additional smaller veins running perpendicular from the main vein and parallel to each other.

~~17. List the distinguishing characteristics of the Animalia kingdom, per Lab 11. (6 points)


~~18. Describe one way that animals are classified, illustrate this by using a specific example. (2 points)

Application Question

~~19. How might the information gained from this lab pertaining to the various kingdoms be useful to you, or how can you apply this knowledge to your everyday life as a non-scientist? The application will be graded according to the rubric below. (20 points)


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