PSY 274 Syracuse University Social Psychology Multiple Choice Questions
I’m working on a psychology question and need an explanation and answer to help me learn.
1. Which one of the following would be an example of a person (or people) experiencing stereotype threat, as defined by Steele and his colleagues?
A. Because a person belongs to a group considered to be hostile, others are afraid of him.
B. A person from a group considered by others to be low in intelligence has to take an intelligence tes.
C. A person has interactions with people that contradict her stereotypes, so her belief system is threatened.
D. Two groups of people are not allowed to interact, so each one starts developing stereotypes about the other
2. Ray attends an elite university and holds a stereotype about students from community colleges: He thinks that they are nice people but not very smart. According to the Fiske and Glick model of stereotype content, Ray will probably feel _____________________ toward this group.
A. envious prejudice
B. contemptuous prejudice
D. paternalistic prejudice
3. Nelson, Biernat, & Manis (1990) presented research participants with photos of men and women and asked them to estimate how tall those men and women were. The researchers found that
A. participants overestimated the heights of the men relative to the women, even when they were told that the participant with the most accurate estimates would win a cash prize.
B. female participants overestimated the height of the men, and male participants overestimated the height of the women.
C. when participants were told that the men and women in the photos were matched for height, they no longer were affected by their expectation that men will on average be taller than women.
D. male participants performed better at the task, because as evolutionary psychologists remind us, they are more focused on other people’s size and strength
4. Which of the following statements is not true about the Chameleon Effect?
A. It can take place non-consciously, without awareness.
B. It is more likely to lead to liking when the mimicking is done overtly, or obviously, as opposed to subtly.
C. It is associated with the feeling that an interaction went smoothly.
D. It involves mirroring another person’s gestures.
5. Which of the following is the best definition of a stereotype?
A. A negative (unfavorable) trait associated with some group
B. A characteristic that one believes all members of some group have
C. A characteristic that one believes most members of some group have
D. A characteristic that one believes members of a group are more likely to have than members of other groups
6. Condry and Condry (1976) had participants in their study watch a film featuring a baby named “Dana.” Afterwards they had people report their impressions of Dana. They found that
A. gender stereotypes do not apply to children that young.
B. consistent with gender stereotypes, female participants were much better at interpreting the baby’s behavior.
C. participants’ impressions varied based on whether they were told that Dana was a boy or that Dana was a girl.
D. even babies can experience stereotype threat.
7. What does recent research on “blatant” (that is, explicit or overt) dehumanization reveal?
A. Consistent with the principles of evolutionary psychology, men are more likely than women to dehumanize outgroups
B. People are willing to rate some outgroups as being more “human” than other outgroups.
C. People only seem to dehumanize groups of people if they have never met any members of that group.
D. Blatant dehumanization involves seeing people are robots or inanimate objects, not as animals.