NUR 418 St Thomas University Psoriasis An Autoimmune Skin Disorder Discussion
Skin & Breast
This discussion contains 2 parts:
- KM is a 38-year-old white woman with a 6-year history of psoriasis. Her family history includes allergies and asthma and her mother with psoriasis. KM returns today for an increase in symptoms, and she wants to improve the appearance of her skin. Please discuss the following:
- What is the underlying cause of psoriasis?
- What are the common signs and symptoms of this disease?
- Define, Compare and Contrast the following conditions:
- Fibrocystic breast disease
- Malignant breast tumor
- Your initial post should be at least 500 words, formatted and cited in proper current APA style with support from at least 2 academic sources. Your initial post is worth 8 points.
- You should respond to at least two of your peers by extending, refuting/correcting, or adding additional nuance to their posts. Your reply posts are worth 2 points (1 point per response.)
- All replies must be constructive and use literature where possible.
- Please post your initial response by 11:59 PM ET Thursday, and comment on the posts of two classmates by 11:59 PM ET Sunday.
- You can expect feedback from the instructor within 48 to 72 hours from the Sunday due date.
The most significant risk factors are: Female; over 50 years of age Personal history of breast cancer First-degree relative with breast cancer (mother, sister, daughter) Other risk factors include: No children, or first child after 30 years of age Menstruation before 12 years of age Menopause after 55 years of age Second-degree relative with breast cancer (aunt, grandmother) High-fat diet and obesity Other possible risk factors are: Alcohol intake of 1-2 drinks per day or more Tobacco smoking Oral contraceptive or estrogen replacement therapy If you have one or more of the above risk factors, see your health care provider. The American Cancer Society recommends a baseline mammogram for all women between 35 and 39 years of age. Women 20 to 39 years of age should perform monthly breast self examinations (BSEs) and have a clinical breast examination every three years; women 40 years of age and older should perform monthly BSEs with an annual mammogram and have an annual clinical breast examination close to the same time. FOR MORE INFORMATION: · MEDLINEplus Resource Page: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/breastcancer.ht… · Susan G. Komen Breast Cancer Foundation: http://www.komen.org · National Breast Cancer Foundation: http://www.nationalbreastcancer.org · National Toll-Free Breast Care Helpline: 1-800-462-9273 · National Breast and Cervical Cancer Early Detection Program: http://www.cdc.gov/cancer/nbccedp/ · American Cancer Society: http://www.cancer.org (1-800-ACS-2345) · National Cancer Institute: http://www.nci.nih.gov/cancer_information/cancer_t…
Skin Cancer: What Is Your Risk? You should examine your skin once a month to look for warning signals of any suspicious lesions. Report any suspicious areas to your health care provider. Use a well-lighted room and a full-length mirror. A small hand-held mirror is also helpful. Ask a relative to search areas that are difficult to see (such as behind the ears, your back, and the back of your neck). To examine your skin: Undress completely and check your forearms, palms, and spaces between fingers. Turn over hands and study the backs. Face mirror; bend arms at elbows. Study arms in mirror. Face mirror and study entire body. Start at face, neck, and torso, working down to lower legs. Pivot to right side, facing mirror. Study sides of upper arms, working down to ankles. Repeat with left side. With your back to the mirror, study buttocks, thighs, and lower legs. Use the hand-held mirror to study the upper back. Use the hand-held mirror to study the scalp. A blow-dryer on a cool setting helps lift the hair. Sit on chair or bed. Study inside of each leg and soles of the feet. Use the small mirror to help. DANGER SIGNS—remember ABCDE: Asymmetry of a mole (one that is not regularly round or oval) Border is irregular Color variation (areas of black, brown, tan, blue, red, white, or a combination) Diameter greater than the size of a pencil eraser Elevation and Enlargement In addition, a change in a mole’s size; a new pigmented lesion; and development of itching, burning, or bleeding should be reported immediately. Remember that unprotected sun exposure accelerates aging and produces lesions. You are at a higher risk if you are light-skinned, over 40 years of age, or regularly in the sun without protection. FOR MORE INFORMATION: · MEDLINEplus Resource Page: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/skincancer.html · Skin Cancer Foundation: http://www.skincancer.org (1-800-SKIN-490) · American Cancer Society: http://www.cancer.org (1-800-ACS-2345)